Key Curriculum Objectives

Natural learning activities are tailored to support children to achieve the below end of year expectations, from the Curriculum for England, with the additional and new increased end of year expectations for Portuguese, created by the Story Forest. Full details of curriculum objectives can be found in the curriculum jigsaws below. The below objectives have been included as key objectives, providing clarity for parents.

  • To recognise your own name
  • To speak in full sentences
  • To being to listen respectfully
  • To open and enjoy books
  • To be able to say numbers up to 20 and count small groups of objects
  • To be aware of other children
  • To understand borders set to prevent danger
  • To use the toilet correctly and wash hands independently
  • To be able to dress and undress independently
  • To ask an adult for help when needed
  • To be able to say basic words in Portuguese (bom dia, boa tarde, boa noite, obrigado/a, sim, nao)
  • To be able to count up to 10 in Portuguese
  • To accurately write your own name and hold a pencil properly
  • To talk in, read, and write simple sentences
  • To count and order number from 1-20
  • To be able to say one more or one less than a given number
  • To be able to listen attentively in a range of situations
  • To be able to play cooperatively and understand turn-taking
  • To be able to follow instructions involving more than one step
  • To understand and follow class/school rules
  • To manage basic hygiene and personal needs successfully, including dressing and going to the toilet independently
  • To know how and when to ask for help
  • To be able to follow one-step instructions in Portuguese
  • To begin to say a wider range of words in Portuguese including (foods, colours, animals, clothes)
  • To say numbers up to 20 in Portuguese

Reading

  • Apply phonetic knowledge to decode words
  • Use sound and blending techniques to attempt previously unseen     words
  • Read aloud familiar books, that are consistent with your developing phonic knowledge
  • Be familiar with and be able to retell key fairy tales and traditional rhymes or stories
  • Explain clearly your understanding of what is read to you (significance of the title, key events, vocabulary and predictions)

Writing

  • With increasing accuracy write lower case letters and digits up to 1
  • Use capital letters for names, places, days of the week and personal pronoun ‘I’
  • Read allow your writing so that others can understand the meaning

Maths

  • Count up and down to 100
  • Count in multiples of 2, 5 or 10
  • Begin to recall addition and subtraction facts up to 20
  • Know the place value of each digit in any number up to 100
  • Recognise o’ clock and half past on an analogue clock

Portuguese

  • To be able to follow instructions with more than one step in Portuguese
  • To begin to say short sentences including basic verbs in Portuguese 
  • To say numbers up to 100 in Portuguese

Reading

  • Read aloud, sounding out unfamiliar words confidently
  • Recognise and decode alternative sounds for: graphemes, words with two or more syllables, words with common suffixes and most common exception (tricky) words
  • Ask and answer questions, based on inference and prediction
  • Recite poetry from memory using intonation 
  • To be able to understand cause and effect

Writing

  • Proofread your own writing to check for meaning and errors
  • Use conjunctions for coordination (or, and, but) and subordination (when, if, that, because)
  • Understand and apply common spelling rules for prefixes and suffixes

Maths

  • Count forward and backwards in steps of 2, 5 and 10 
  • Count in multiples of 3 up to 30 
  • Add and subtract two-digit numbers using objects and pictorial representations and written method
  • Begin to solve simple problems using the four operations (add, subtract, multiply, divide)
  • Tell and write the time in 5-minute increments 

Portuguese

  • To be able to follow multi-part instructions in Portuguese and have a developing understanding of stories in Portuguese
  • To be able to maintain short conversations in Portuguese (including introductions, ordering food, buying in a shop) 
  • Begin to read and write words in Portuguese and say numbers over 100

Reading

  • Extend skills of decoding to tackle more complex words
  • Read a wider range of texts
  • Read, identify and summarise the main ideas in a text drawn from more than one paragraph
  • Identify how authors use words for effect
  • Use a dictionary to the meaning of words you have read

Writing

  • Show an increasing range of descriptive phrases including some collective nouns
  • Make at least three points about a particular topic, with specific information added
  • Use the correct tense consistently within a piece of writing

Maths

  • Count in multiples of 4, 8, 50, 100
  • Compare, order, read and write numbers up to 100
  • Add and subtract numbers up to 3 digits, using the formal column method (understanding the place value of each digit)
  • Multiply and divide two-digit numbers by 1-digit numbers, using both mental and written methods (bus stop & grid)
  • Write and tell the time

Reading

  • Identify themes and conventions in a wider range of texts
  • Prepare poems and playscripts to read aloud and perform, showing intonation, volume, tone and action
  • Increasingly able to identify how the language, structure and presentation of a text contributes to its meaning
  • Discuss significant words and phrases and explain how they capture the reader’s interest and imagination
  • Justify inferences made about a character’s: thoughts, feelings, motives and actions with evidence from the text

Writing

  • Use alliteration and similes effectively to create powerful images
  • Use organisational devices such as headings, sub headings, connectives and bullet points to guide the reader
  • Sequence paragraphs appropriately and organise them around a theme

Maths

  • Confidently recall multiplication facts up to 12×12
  • Compare, order, read and write numbers up to 1000 (including negative numbers)
  • Add and subtract numbers with up to 4 digits using formal column methods 
  • Multiply and divide 2 and 3-digit numbers by 1-digit numbers using formal written methods (short multiplication and division)
  • Read, write and convert between analogue and digital 12 and 24hr clocks

Portuguese

  • To be able to understand and participate in basic conversations in Portuguese. 
  • To begin to form grammatically correct sentences in speech 
  • Begin to read and write whole texts in Portuguese 

Reading

  • Read for enjoyment a range of texts, including from other cultures and traditions
  • Read, understand and explain the meaning of figurative language, including metaphorical phrases and similes
  • Make book recommendations, giving reasons for your choices
  • Read several books by the same author and be able to make comparisons between them and with other texts
  • Discuss and evaluate how authors use language, including figurative language, to affect the reader

Writing

  • Use the drafting and planning process to make appropriate choices of grammar and vocabulary to clarify and enhance meaning, including the use of a thesaurus
  • Use paragraphs to develop and expand ideas, descriptions, themes or events in depth
  • Use relative clauses to clarify and explain relationships between ideas in fiction and nonfiction contexts

Maths

  • Recognise and use multiples and factors, square numbers (up to at least 144) and prime numbers (up to at least 19)
  • Compare, order, read, write and round (to the nearest 10, 100, 1000, 10 000 and 100 000) positive and negative numbers up to 1 000 000
  • Add and subtract whole numbers with more than 4 digits, using formal column methods (understanding the place value of each digit)
  • Divide numbers up to 4 digits by a 1-digit number using the formal written method of short division and interpret remainders appropriately for the context
  • Solve problems that involve converting units of time, including problems that include the duration of events (timetables, cooking times, schedules

Portuguese

  • To be able to understand and participate in more advanced conversations in Portuguese including new topics 
  • Form grammatically correct sentences in speech 
  • Read whole books and write full texts with confidence and content 

Reading

  • Read a range of texts for enjoyment but with a developing sense of which genre or style you particularly enjoy, providing justified reasons
  • Participate in discussions about books, building on and challenging the ideas of others
  • Consider different accounts of the same event and discuss viewpoints (both of authors and fictional characters) within and across more than one text
  • Use technical language to discuss authorial devices used in text (analogy, imagery, alliteration, personification) and to be able to explain the purpose and effect of them
  • Demonstrate skills in information retrieval across a range of texts, for a variety of purposes: geographical information, timetables, leaflets for museums theatre programmes etc

Writing

  • Effectively evaluate your own and others writing, and make assured changes to vocabulary, grammar and punctuation to enhance effect and clarify meaning
  • Use a range of punctuation accurately and appropriately (including semi-colons, colons and dashes) to mark the boundary between independent clauses
  • Accurately spell with only occasional errors in more ambitious vocabulary choices

Maths

  • Use negative numbers in practical contexts (temperature) and solve problems including calculating intervals across zero
  • Compare, order, read, write and round (to the nearest 10, 100, 1000, 10 000, 100 000) positive, negative, decimal and whole numbers up to 10 000 000
  • Add and subtract whole and decimal numbers up to three decimal places using formal column methods (understanding the place value of each digit)
  • Multiply numbers up to 4 digits by a 2-digit number using the long multiplication method and apply it alongside other operations to solve multi-step problems
  • Use long division with 2-digit divisors and apply it alongside other operations to solve multi-step problems

Portuguese

  • To be able to communicate well in Portuguese, forming grammatically correct sentences and understanding elaborate conversation 
  • To have a good understanding of the basic grammatical structures of the Portuguese language
  • To be able to read and write confidently in Portuguese
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